What countries are considered Emerging Markets?

The term Emerging Markets was coined in 1981 by Antoine W. Van Agtmael of the International Finance Corporation of the World Bank.  It is defined as an economy with low to middle per capita income. These also pertain to nations with social or business activity in the process of rapid growth and industrialization. Based on data from 2006, there are around 28 emerging markets in the world (data from 2010 says there are 40 emerging markets.  Such countries constitute approximately 80% of the global population, and represent about 20% of the world’s economies.
The phrase Emerging Markets may also be a more political correct version of  the 1970s phrase, “less economically developed countries” (LEDCs) when comparing with first world countries like America.

Emerging Markets Index according to Wikipedia

The Emerging Markets Index is a list of the top 65 cities in emerging markets. The following countries had cities featured on the list (as of 2008):

The above is only a general list, as countries tend to drop in and out of the list depending on their growth factor, political stability, and GDP.  It is difficult to make an exact list of emerging markets; the best guides tend to be investment information sources like ISI Emerging Markets and The Economist or market index makers (such as Morgan Stanley Capital International). These sources are well-informed, but the nature of investment information sources leads to two potential problems. One is an element of historicity; markets may be maintained in an index for continuity, even if the countries have since developed past the emerging market phase. Possible examples of this are South Korea and Taiwan.

As researched, each financial institution or fund has their own classification of EM countries, and their own selection.

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