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how many people leave the philippines each year

In the 90s in the Philippines, at least 2,500 citizens leave each day to earn their living in foreign lands. Many times you will see a couple of persons in a family usually working and residing abroad. The same is a fact with other regions in Asia and other poorer places in the world. What are the factors influencing this exodus of citizens from one region to the other?

The first factor is for financial reasons. The OFW category belong in this section.  These are workers who want to obtain a better life. Alluring openings like high paying jobs, better working situations and finer standards of living.  The second most permanent factor, the capitulation and hopelessness of the political, law and order, corruption in our country leaves the whole family to leave the Philippines altogether.  All of these tempt many people to go abroad.  These are the permanent migrants who renew their citizenships altogether.

OFW NUMBERS

The Philippines sent 1.1 million workers abroad in 2007, the same as in 2006, meaning that an average of 3,000 Filipinos a day left for foreign jobs. They included 810,000 land-based migrants and 264,000 sea-based migrants. Recruiters say that Filipino migrant workers account for 30 percent of the air passengers entering and leaving the Philippines.
Filipinos are about 28 percent of those manning the world's ships. Most seamen work on eight- to 10-month contracts, earning at least $1,100 a month. About 20 percent each are deployed on cruise ships and bulk carrier ships, followed by 13 percent each on container ships and tankers; most carry crews of 21, seven workers for each of three shifts.

 

 

The government reports migrant outflow data in several ways. About 312,000 land-based migrants, 38 percent, were going abroad for the first time; the other 498,000 were rehires who had been employed abroad before. About half of those being deployed for the first time were classified as service workers, a third were production workers, and an eighth were professional and technical workers.

The leading destination for Filipinos leaving in 2007 was Saudi Arabia, which took almost 30 percent of Filipino migrants, followed by Hong Kong, 15 percent; UAE, 11 percent; and Italy and Singapore, seven percent each. Remittances were $13 billion in 2007, up slightly from 2006.

Some 8,000 nurses went abroad in 2007, including 6,100 to Saudi Arabia. The Philippines Health Secretary, Francisco Duque, estimated in January 2008 that 85 percent of the newly graduated nurses leave the country each year. Most go to the oil-exporting countries of the Middle East, but many want to go to Europe or North America, including some doctors and MBA graduates who are retraining as nurses in order to improve their chances of going abroad.

According to the dataset used in migrationinformation.org, Filipino workers are remarkably dispersed worldwide (see Figure 1). Saudi Arabia is the largest single destination, with 29 percent of the total, and Hong Kong comes in second with 12 percent. But no other destination accounts for more than 11 percent of the total. The only other countries accounting for six percent or more are Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, and the United States. In addition to the countries in Figure 1, Filipinos are reported to be working in an additional 38 countries worldwide, including Chile, Zambia, and Papua New Guinea. 

Figure 1: Global Distribution of Overseas Filipino Workers, June 1997

Note: Data are from the 1997 Survey on Overseas Filipinos, 
National Statistics Office, Philippines.

On average, Filipino overseas workers are 34 years old; 38 percent are single and 53 percent are male. "Production and related workers" and "domestic servants" are the two largest occupational categories, each accounting for 31 percent of the total. 

In terms of household position, the most common categories are male heads of household and daughters of the household head, each accounting for 28 percent of overseas workers; sons of household heads account for 15 percent, female household heads or spouses of household heads 12 percent, and other relations 16 percent (see Figure 2). 

Figure 2: Philippine Migrant Workers by Household Position, June 1997

Note: Data are from the 1997 Survey on Overseas Filipinos, 
National Statistics Office, Philippines.


Some 10 percent of the country's population – 7.41 million as of December 2001 – live and work abroad. In the late 1990s, the yearly deployment of Filipino workers averaged 800,000 each year. In 2003, 867,969 left to find work in more than 100 destinations. In the same year, some $7.6 billion worth of remittances were ploughed back into the economy, a major boost to the country's lifeline.

 

Table 1. Annual Deployment of Filipino Workers, 1975-2004*

Year
Land-based
Sea-based
Total
1975
12,501
23,534
36,035
1976
19,221
28,614
47,835
1977
36,676
33,699
70,375
1978
50,961
37,280
88,241
1979
92,519
44,818
137,337
1980
157,394
57,196
214,590
1981
210,936
55,307
266,243
1982
250,115
64,169
314,284
1983
380,263
53,594
434,207
1984
300,378
50,604
350,982
1985
320,494
52,290
372,784
1986
323,517
54,697
378,214
1987
382,229
67,042
449,271
1988
385,117
85,913
471,030
1989
355,346
103,280
458,626
1990
334,883
111,212
446,095
1991
489,260
125,759
615,019
1992
549,655
136,806
686,461
1993
550,872
145,758
696,030
1994
564,031
154,376
718,407
1995
488,173
165,401
653,574
1996
484,653
175,469
660,122
1997
559,227
188,469
747,696
1998
638,343
193,300
831,643
1999
640,331
196,689
837,020
2000
643,304
198,324
841,628
2001
662,648
204,951
867,599
2002
682,315
209,593
891,908
2003
651,938
216,031
867,969
2004
704,586
229,002
933,588

*Figures for 1975 to 1983 refer to number of contracts processed; figures for 1984 to 2004 refer to number of workers deployed abroad.

Sources: Table 5 (Battistella, 1995:265) for figures from 1975 to 1983; available online for figures from 1983 to 2003; and for 2004 data. Internet sources were accessed on 12 September 2005.

The data on deployed workers include seafarers, who account for some 20 percent of all OFWs leaving the country every year (see Table 2). Filipinos dominate the industry: 25 percent of the world's seafarers are from the Philippines. 

Table 2. Regional Distribution of Land-based Overseas Filipino Workers, 2004*

Region
Numbers
Percent
Asia
266,609
37.84
Middle East
352,314
50.00
Europe
55,116
7.82
Americas
11,692
1.66
Africa
8,485
1.20
Trust Territories
7,177
1.02
Oceania
3,023
0.43
Others
170
0.02
Total
704,586
100.00

*Based on combined data for new hires and rehires. Source:see below

Table : Number of households, household population and average household size of Filipino Households with and without overseas workers (by region, 2000 Census)

Regions
With Overseas Workers
Without Overseas Workers
No of Household
Household population
Avg. household size
No. of households
Household population
Avg. household size
Philippines
800,051
4,690,940
5.86
14,478,757
71,641,530
4.95 
             
National Capital Region
135,294
735,901
5.44
1,997,695
9,144,201
4.58
Cordillera Administrative Region
16,987
102,441
6.03
246,864
1,258,170
5.10
Ilocos Region
76,021
452,907
5.96
755,528
3,743,369
4.95
Cagayan Valley
36,136
212,926
5.89
518,355
2,596,594
5.01
Central Luzon
112,710
648,438
5.75
1,519,337
7,372,887
4.85
Southern Tagalog
145,169
817,637
5.63
2,267,874
10,946,609
4.83
Bicol Region
31,686
197,324
6.23
862,147
4,483,787
5.20
Western Visayas
68,676
419,883
6.11
1,143,128
5,782,548
5.06
Central Visayas
51,237
314,792
6.14
1,082,530
5,375,022
4.97
Eastern Visayas
17,840
106,583
5.97
697,230
3,497,125
5.02
Western Mindanao
18,669
119,309
6.39
577,162
2,966,013
5.14
Northern Mindanao
12,235
73,990
6.05
529,836
2,669,904
5.04
Southern Mindanao
28,839
170,032
5.90
1,037,360
5,011,267
4.83
Central Mindanao
17,625
110,634
6.28
484,245
2,480,838
5.12
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao
22,269
153,407
6.89
371,000
2,257,438
6.08
CARAGA
8,468
53,626
6.33
384,894
2,037,879
5.29

 

 

 

Source: National Statistics Office (in Carmencita Ericta et al, 2003)

Note: the number of overseas workers in the 2000 Census was 992,397. Male overseas workers have a little advantage over their female counterparts in terms of percentage – 50.27 percent versus 49.73 percent. This translates to a sex ratio of 101 male overseas workers for every 101 female overseas workers.

What about Filipinos that left the Philippines for good?

  • United States. Despite race relations problems of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the American Northwest, most Filipino Americans today find it easy to integrate with American society. The population is estimated to be 2,807,731 However, this number is speculated to be at 4.5 million, according to many Filipino American organizations, with 1 million who are illegally in the USA. They are also the second largest Asian-American subgroup only after the Chinese. Filipinos are also the second largest immigrant group up to this day. They remain active in many issues, including the controversial immigration policies. In 2006, the United States Congress hailed the 100th year of Filipino migration to the nation. An average of 85,000 Filipinos migrate to the US annually as legal permanent residents, while an estimated of 400,000 visit for business and pleasure.
  • Canada. Only a small population of Filipinos resided in Canada until the late 20th century. There are currently between 300,000 to 350,000 Filipino Canadians and immigrants in Canada. They are also the third largest Asian Canadian subgroup in the nation.
  • Italy. There are more than 200,000 Filipinos in Italy.  Filipinos are scattered all over Italy, particularly in Rome and Milan.
  • Spain. With around 70,000 citizens, the Filipinos form the 2nd largest Asian community in Spain behind the Chinese. Although many Filipinos did immigrate or ran away to Spain after the United States took over the islands in 1898, most of the Filipinos moved to the old metropoli during the 1960s and 1970s seeking jobs, which in many cases were related to housekeeping or industrial activities. There's also a significant group of Spaniards of Filipino origins (some of whom are from 3rd and 4th generations) including some famous people like Isabel Preysler, mother of famous singerEnrique Iglesias.
  • Ireland. Ireland is seeing a growth in the Filipino community, with an estimate of 3,000. They are also the second largest Asian subgroup in the country.
  • Hong Kong. There are 140,000 Filipinos in Hong Kong, of whom most are domestic helpers (30,000 of them being members of the Filipino Migrant Workers Union). Filipino maids are known by the locals as amahs, or more often feiyungs (less politely bun mui or bun bun). A Hong Kong work visa requires some amount of higher education; and in some cases Filipino women with college degrees and perfect command of English are willing to work as maids and nannies for a salary higher than they could make at home.
  • Singapore. As many as 132,000 Overseas Filipinos work and reside in the nation-state of Singapore. Moreover, about 200,000 Filipinos visit the country annually, making them one of the biggest foreign tourists of Singapore.
  • Taiwan. According to 2006 data of the government of the Republic of China (ROC), there are 96,000 of "foreign workers" from the Philippines. Of the 96,000 Filipinos in Taiwan, 58,704 are in manufacturing industries, and 34,602 are in social or personal services (eg. housekeeper).   According to 2004 data by the Philippine Government, there are 2,037 stay permanently, 154,135 stay for work contracts, and 4,500 stay irregularly, which make a sum of 160,672.
  • Middle Eastern countries Many Filipinos work in as domestic and construction workers in the countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council. It is estimated that more than 2 million Filipinos have made the Middle East their home.
  • Japan Some 500,000 Filipinos and Filipino-Japanese are listed to be living within Japan's geographic confines. However, this number is speculated to be larger, surpassing the one million mark, in relation to many unlisted and illegal Filipino nationals in the Land of the Rising Sun.
  • South Korea In South Korea some 98,000 Overseas Filipinos work in different types of employment, particularly as housekeepers, educators, nurses, and caregivers. Historically, Filipinos were able to enter South Korea freely due to the visa-waiver agreement that previously existed between thePhilippines and South Korea. Aside from this number, there is an estimated 50,000 Filipinos who are unlisted due to their immigration status.
  • Lebanon As many as 40,000 OFWs are working in the nation of Lebanon. Due to the recent turmoil between Lebanon and Israel, however, many have been repatriated back to the Philippines, while others have been relocated to Cyprus, a part of the Philippine evacuation plan.
  • Australia In 2000 Australia recorded about 127,000 Filipinos and/or Filipino Australians.
  • United Kingdom Nurses and caregivers have begun flocking into the United Kingdom these past years. The island-nation has welcomed about 20,000 nurses and other Filipinos of various employment and lifestyle during the past 5 years. The United Kingdom may be home to some 100,000 Filipino nationals.
  • Greece The Filipino population in Greece has now reached 90,000, 85% of whom are women. This is according to estimates of Kasapi-Hellas, an organization of the Filipino migrant community there. Some 60%-70% of this population is undocumented. This number is set to increase with the implementation of a new law which limits to five years the maximum length of stay of migrant workers in Greece.
  • Malaysia As Sabah is very close to the Philippines, there are many Filipino residents, as well as illegal immigrants there. Filipinos make up about 30% of the entire population of Sabah and they enumerate up to 900,000. Many of the Filipino residents come to work in construction industries, fisheries, and other labor intensive sectors in hopes of a better living. Most live in stilt slums scattered behind cities or on offshore islands. The Philippine government also has promised to establish a consulate provide any necessary help to its nationals. Historically, The Philippines has a dormant claim on the territory. Native Sabahans themselves are closely related to southern Filipinos.
  • New Zealand There are about 30,000 Filipino residents including Filipino New Zealanders, There is a small amount of Filipino maids and caregivers present in the country. The New Zealand government is very tight on the type of people coming in and out of the country. New Zealand has accommodated Filipino telecommunications as well as media. As in the other countries above, most either have The Filipino Channel (TFC), operated by ABS-CBN and/or GMA Pinoy TV.
  • Norway People with Filipino background in Norway is estimated to about 9,000, most of them living in the Oslo urban area. Most of the Filipino immigrants to Norway are females, representing 76 % of the total of 9,000.

TOTAL FILIPINOS OVERSEAS SINCE 2004

3,187,586 stay permanently, 3,599,257 stay for work contracts, and 1,296,972 stay irregularly (without proper document), which make a sum of 8,083,815.

Overpopulation compounds the problem

In 1970, both the Philippines and Thailand had about 36 million residents. Today, the Philippines has over 90 million residents and Thailand has 66 million. Thailand is the world's leading rice exporter, and the Philippines is one of the leading importers of rice. In response to the surging price of rice in 2008, the Filipino government provided subsidized rice to those in families with per capita incomes below $24 a month.

http://www.migrationinformation.org/feature/display.cfm?ID=694

———-

The stock estimate of the overseas Filipino population came from the poea website data, which is unfortunately updated only until 2004.  Other sources include: ofwjournalism.net, wikipilipinas.org,

The Philippines is one of three countries of origin in Asia – along with Indonesia and Sri Lanka – where women comprise the majority of legal migrant workers deployed every year. In the case of the Philippines, women are the majority of the new hires (land-based) deployed every year.

Comments

  1. Camille says:

    Well how many Filipinos leave the country each year? And if more than 3000 Filipinos leave our country why are there still overpopulation?

  2. Good question camille, we should probably put the pressure on the government because they can certainly do something to eliminate the population (i.e. family planning programs, free birth pills and contraceptions, and proper education).

  3. davidbaer says:

    The Center for Media Research has released a study by Vertical Response that shows just where many of these ‘Main Street’ players are going with their online dollars. The big winners: e-mail and social media. With only 3.8% of small business folks NOT planning on using e-mail marketing and with social media carrying the perception of being free (which they so rudely discover it is far from free) this should make some in the banner and search crowd a little wary.

    http://www.onlineuniversalwork.com

  4. ilan ang kabuuan ng mga tao sa pilipinas?

  5. it’s sad many of our fellow Filipino leave our country, but what can they do their income is not enough for for their family? let’s just pray that someday with the help of a good leader. Filipinos can work and earn enough here in our country

  6. These are very good graphical representations. Thank you for sharing this.

  7. Great facts about the philippines’ population. Now we know how it goes.

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  12. there are 812500 people who leaves the philippines

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